People with type 1 diabetes require daily insulin treatment, regular blood glucose monitoring and a healthy lifestyle to manage their condition effectively.
The cornerstone of type 2 diabetes management is a healthy lifestyle. This includes a healthy diet, regular physical activity, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy body weight. Over time, a healthy lifestyle may not be enough to keep blood glucose levels under control and people with type 2 diabetes may need to take oral medication. If treatment with a single medication is not sufficient, combination therapy options may be prescribed. When oral medication is not sufficient to control blood glucose levels, people with type 2 diabetes may require insulin injections.
No effective and safe intervention currently exists to prevent type 1 diabetes. Research indicates that a majority of cases of type 2 diabetes could be prevented through healthy diet and regular physical activity. A healthy diet includes reducing the amount of calories if you are overweight, replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats, eating dietary fibre and avoiding tobacco use, excessive alcohol and added sugar.